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Set "Homeland or Death"of Revolutionary Cuba Che Guevara & Fidel Castro, 2016


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The reverse shows Fidel Castro and his men entering Havanna  (08th January 1959).The obverse illustrates José Marti (1853-1895) who was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence”.He also wrote about the threat of Spanish and US expansionism into Cuba. From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans;his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt.


 This 3 Pesos banknote  from Cuba depicts on the obverse the coat of arms and the unusual value.

On the reverse is the portrait of Che Guevara, the most famous revolutionary and guerilla leader. 


The obverse of the coin shows Ernesto Che Guevara and the issue year. Moreover the obverse depicts the motto of Che Guevara as a circumscription “Patria O Muerte” (“Homeland or Death”)
On the reverse you can see the coat of arms, the country name and the denomination.

Type the characters you see in the picture above.

Fidel Castro – a symbol of revolution


Fidel Castro was a Cuban politician and revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba for 47 years as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2006 (de jure until 2008). P

olitically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party socialist state;

industry and business were nationalized, and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society.


After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953.

After a year's imprisonment, he traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement, with his brother Raúl Castro and Che Guevara.


Castro is a controversial and divisive world figure. He is decorated with various international awards, and his supporters laud him as a champion of socialism

and anti-imperialism whose revolutionary regime secured Cuba's independence from American imperialism.

Through his actions and his writings he has significantly influenced the politics of various individuals and groups across the world.


In November 2016 he dies aged 90, but whatever happens to Cuba after him, the name of Fidel will survive in history.

(Source: Wikipedia, BBC News)

Che Guavara - the most famous revolutionary and guerrilla leader in history


El revolucionario verdadero está guiado por grandes sentimientos de amor”

(“A true revolutionary is guided by great sentiments of love.”)


This quote stems from the most famous revolutionary and guerrilla leader in history – Ernesto Rafael Che Guevara de la Serna.

The Argentine was born on 14.05.1928 in Rosario, whereby his exact date of birth still remains disputed to this day.

Theorists argue that “Che” had already been born as early as 14th May. The modified date served to hush up a premarital pregnancy of his mother, as well as a related scandal.


Che Guevara was the most significant leader (Commander) of the Cuban Revolution and besides Fidel Castro, the most representative figure of his time.

In recognition of his struggle against the Cuban dictator Battista, he was awarded his Cuban citizenship.

Guevara undertook trips throughout Africa in the years 1964 and 1965. Subsequently, he commenced his struggle against the Bolivian military regime. Whilst fighting against the Bolivian army, Che Guevara was shot on 9th October 1967.

He fought for a revolution of the people until the dying end.


Che Guevara is nowadays recognized worldwide as being an icon for countless cultural and political opposition movements.

His myth goes far beyond his duties as a revolutionary and guerrilla leader.



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