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Filiki etairia 5€
Filiki etairia 5€

Filiki Etairia, Greece, 5€, 200 Years CuZn18Ni12, 2014

CODE: BOG001

39.00

+ -
Δόσεις Υπολογισμός μεταφορικών

€5 collector coin, in wallet blister pack, commemorating the “200 years from the foundation of the Philiki Etaireia (Society of Friends)

Filiki Eteria or Society of Friends (Greek: Φιλική Εταιρεία or Εταιρεία των Φιλικών) was a secret 19th-century organization whose purpose was to overthrow the Ottoman rule of Greece and establish an independent Greek state.Society members were mainly young Phanariot Greeks from Russia and local chieftains from Greece. One of its leaders was Alexander Ypsilantis.The Society initiated the Greek War of Independence in the spring of 1821

In the context of ardent desire for independence from Turkish occupation, and with the explicit influence of similar secret societies elsewhere in Europe, three Greeks came together in 1814 in Odessa to decide the constitution for a secret organization in freemasonic fashion. Its purpose was to unite all Greeks in an armed organization to overthrow Turkish rule. The three founders were Nikolaos Skoufas from the Arta province, Emmanuil Xanthos from Patmos and Athanasios Tsakalov from Ioannina.[1] Soon after they initiated a fourth member, Panagiotis Anagnostopoulos from Andritsaina.

 

Passport of the Filiki Eteria, bearing its insignia and written in its coded alphabet.

Skoufas liaised with Konstantinos Rados who was initiated into Carbonarism. Xanthos was initiated into a Freemasonic Lodge at Lefkada ("Society of Free Builders of Saint Mavra"), while Tsakalov was a founding member of the Hellenoglosso Xenodocheio (Greek: Ελληνόγλωσσο Ξενοδοχείο, meaning Greek-speaking Hotel) an earlier but unsuccessful society for the liberation of Greece.[4]

At the start, between 1814 and 1816, there were roughly twenty members. During 1817, the society initiated members from the diaspora Greeks of Russia and the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The lord (hospodar) of Moldavia Michael Soutzos himself, became a member.[5] Massive initiations began only in 1818 and by early 1821, when the Society had expanded to almost all regions of Greece and throughout Greek communities abroad, the membership numbered in thousands.[6] Among its members were tradesmen, clergy, Russian consuls, Ottoman officials from Phanar and Serbs one of them the revolutionary Karageorge.[6][7] Members included primary instigators of the revolution, notably Theodoros Kolokotronis, Odysseas Androutsos, Dimitris Plapoutas and the metropolitan bishop Germanos of Patras.

Shape: round Composition: CuZn18Ni12 Weight: 18.8 gr Diameter: 30.5 mm Edge: plain Max. issue limit: 7,500 pieces Quality: circulation Price to be announced Wallet blister pack designed by: A. Michelioudaki Coin designed by: G. Stamatopoulos 

30.5 mm
(?)
2014
5€
(?)
Λαμπερό Ακυκλοφόρητο (BU)
7500
(?)
Greece

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